Planning Your Garden
When designing or adding to your garden to create backyard habitat, you will need to consider:
- Using predominantly locally native plants and creating structural and floristic diversity
- Providing a variety of native foods types all year round and a clean source of water
- Providing opportunities for resting, nesting and protection from weather and predators
Native gardens don't have to be messy or straggly, many native plants can be pruned, shaped and even hedged. They can be contained within formal and informal borders with paths and water features.
Progress through this module to find out how to create a backyard habitat garden.
More to Read in this Section
These tools will get you thinking about the physical and environmental characteristics of your backyard, existing habitat values, features and/or constraints that you need to consider when planning and designing your new garden.
challenges, tools and games.
Useful Tips and Facts
- Create urban wildlife corridors and stepping stones to larger local bushland or parkland areas.
- In nature there is no such thing as waste everything is linked and contributes to the cycle. As a plant reaches the end of its life cycle it is not discarded by nature, instead it provides habitat for animals and food for micro-organisms as it lies on the ground, the waste from the micro-organisms, bacteria and fungi feeding on it replace nutrients and organic material to the soil for new plants to grow.
- Plant local native species
- The best way to attract native wildlife to your backyard is to provide a variety of healthy natural foods in the form of seeds, leaves, flowers, nectar, pollen, fruits and nuts throughout the year.
- The use of pesticides and herbicides can damage your soils and kill non target species. The poisoning of insects with chemicals can also cause larger species relying on those insects as a food source to become sick or even die from eating poisoned insects.
- To create habitat for smaller native birds you can grow shrubs close together to create dense corners or pockets in your garden which will provide protection and refuge from larger aggressive birds such as noisy miners
- Wattles (Acacias). While most wattles only live between 6 - 10 years, they are an important pioneer species which colonise disturbed areas, where other plants find it hard to grow. They improve soil conditions enough to allow other species to germinate and thrive by fixing nitrogen into the soil through their roots and adding high levels of organic leaf litter.